Persons seeking to adopt a child may file an application with the court seeking to have the court declare the child to be the child of the applicant(s).
A single person or spouses jointly may adopt a minor child who was born to different biological parents. In rare instances, an adult may be adopted.
There are several types of adoptions heard by the court:
The person seeking to adopt is the step-parent of the child to be adopted.
Parties may use the services of a licensed adoption agency. The birth parents either voluntarily surrender custody of the child to the agency, or the Juvenile Court may have terminated the parental rights of the birth parents.
A private adoption is effected when an attorney or a private adoption agency acts as an intermediary between the adopting parents and the birth parents.
A child born in a foreign country and adopted by an Ohio family is referred to as a foreign adoption.
An adult adoption is used when an individual over 18 years wishes to be adopted and meets the criteria under Ohio law.